Forklift is a kind of handling vehicle, which refers to various wheeled handling vehicles for loading and unloading, stacking and short-distance transportation of palletized goods.
When the forklift is carrying goods, the center of gravity will change, making the vehicle lose stability. To solve this problem, a variety of solutions have been produced, among which counterweight and forward movement are common methods.
The counterbalanced forklift relies on the balance weight at the rear of the car body to maintain balance. The counterbalanced forklift uses the balance weight to be loaded in advance at the corresponding position of the cargo weight to keep the truck balanced when it is loaded. The advantage of this kind of car is that the center of the cargo can be far away from the supporting surface of the car when loading, but the disadvantage is that the working area is large and the turning radius is large. Suitable for working in open space.
The forward-moving truck relies on the mast or the fork frame to move back and forth to maintain balance. The mast or cargo rack of the reach-type forklift can move back and forth. The mast-type forklift refers to that the mast drives the fork to move forward during operation, and stretches out of the front wheel to pick up or put down the goods. The fork carries the goods back, so that the center of gravity of the goods is within the support surface; while the fork forward forklift means that the shelf drives the fork to move forward outside the front wheels for operation, and the fork frame drives the fork to retract into the support plane when walking.
The balance is heavy and heavy, and the load capacity is large. It is mainly used for general shelves. Reach trucks with low lifting height are mainly used for high racks, with high lifting height and relatively small load capacity.